war crimes

How Ukraine passes judgment on violations of the laws and customs of war?
Articles - 24 April 2024

How Ukraine passes judgment on violations of the laws and customs of war?

Over the past two years, Ukrainian judges have convicted at least 101 people for violating the laws and customs of war. Among them are Russian officials, soldiers, and officers of the Russian army who robbed civilians in Ukraine, shelled residential buildings, abducted, tortured, and killed residents of the occupied territories, as well as Ukrainian citizens […]

OSCE’s Moscow Mechanism will help Ukraine show the true scale of war crimes committed against civilians by Russia in Ukraine
News - 05 March 2024

OSCE’s Moscow Mechanism will help Ukraine show the true scale of war crimes committed against civilians by Russia in Ukraine

According to the Permanent Representative of Luxembourg to the OSCE, after bilateral consultations with Ukraine, members of 45 OSCE delegations decided to apply the 8th paragraph of the Moscow Mechanism

“Mariupol is a pattern of Russian warfare” – how Russia destroyed the city
Articles - 12 February 2024

“Mariupol is a pattern of Russian warfare” – how Russia destroyed the city

ZMINA recounts the main points from the study “Our City Was Gone.” Russia’s Devastation of Mariupol, Ukraine"

A Russian missile strike killed 11 people, including five children, in Donetsk Oblast while Republicans in the US Congress blocked military aid to Ukraine
News - 06 January 2024

A Russian missile strike killed 11 people, including five children, in Donetsk Oblast while Republicans in the US Congress blocked military aid to Ukraine

S-300 missiles hit the town of Pokrovsk in Ukrainian-held territory in Donetsk region

One day with volunteers in the destroyed Vuhledar, Donetsk region
Articles - 06 November 2023

One day with volunteers in the destroyed Vuhledar, Donetsk region

The ZMINA journalist, together with volunteers Andriy and Roman from the Lion's Heart military volunteer association, managed to get to Vuhledar, which was burned by Russian shelling, and saw with her own eyes how this point of invincibility was being equipped

An expert from Burkina Faso calls on the international community to support democratic forces in African countries where the Wagner Group operates
News - 20 October 2023

An expert from Burkina Faso calls on the international community to support democratic forces in African countries where the Wagner Group operates

Experts called on the international community to take action to bring the Wagner Group to justice and support democratic forces in African countries where the Wagnerites operate

A typical day in a Russian prison (a diary of a civilian hostage)
Articles - 08 September 2023

A typical day in a Russian prison (a diary of a civilian hostage)

ZMINA has obtained a diary written by one of the Kremlin’s prisoners, Dmytro (name changed for security reasons), which he secretly kept throughout his imprisonment. We also spoke with Yevgen Yamkovyi and Viacheslav Zavalnyi, who learned firsthand what the modern Russian penitentiary system is like

Activists identified the route by which children from the occupied Ukrainian territories are deported to Belarus
News - 29 August 2023

Activists identified the route by which children from the occupied Ukrainian territories are deported to Belarus

Human rights defenders from Regional Center for Human Rights, a Ukrainian non-profit group and a member of the “5 am. Coalition” have identified the route and at least eight places where children abducted from the occupied territories of Ukraine are held in Belarus. The group presented its findings in a research paper released in early […]

A story of an elderly man from Balakliya on a 12-day hunger strike in Russian captivity
Articles - 18 August 2023

A story of an elderly man from Balakliya on a 12-day hunger strike in Russian captivity

Russian occupying forces took 73-year-old Viktor Illinsky from his home in Balakliya, Kharkiv region, in early August 2022. They wrapped a jacket around his head, put him in a military jeep, and drove him to the local police station. He was held with other civilian hostages, including another man in his 70s, in a cramped […]

Signs of genocide: Russia’s crimes against children – Report
Articles - 02 August 2023

Signs of genocide: Russia’s crimes against children – Report

After the start of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, information began to emerge about the transfer of children by Russian occupying forces from the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine. The children were taken to the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, or the territories of Ukraine occupied by the Russian Federation before February 24, 2022, […]

Almost 16% of respondents across Ukraine said they had witnessed Russian war crimes
News - 01 August 2023

Almost 16% of respondents across Ukraine said they had witnessed Russian war crimes

Almost 16% of Ukrainians across the country said they had witnessed Russian war crimes. These are the findings of a study conducted by the International Center for Ukrainian Victory (ICUV) in cooperation with the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation and the Center for Political Sociology. The sociologists interviewed 2001 respondents aged 18 and older, and […]

‘Women are not beaten here in Ukraine, but our hands are free’: How Russians held women in seized TDC in Kherson
Articles - 19 July 2023

‘Women are not beaten here in Ukraine, but our hands are free’: How Russians held women in seized TDC in Kherson

At different times, at least 30 local women were held at a temporary detention center (TDC) in Kherson, including a policewoman, a housewife, a cadet of a military educational institution, and a head teacher of a gymnasium. This is described in the analytical report "‘Women's cells’ of Kherson torture chamber" which was prepared by Human Rights Centre ZMINA specialists based on testimonies of victims.

Russian forces continue to violate the property rights of Ukrainians in temporarily occupied Crimea, flouting the Geneva Convention – Crimean human rights defenders
News - 18 April 2023

Russian forces continue to violate the property rights of Ukrainians in temporarily occupied Crimea, flouting the Geneva Convention – Crimean human rights defenders

The confiscation of properties violates international law and highlights the ongoing aggressive policies of the Russian occupiers

Dmytro and Olena from Kupyansk imprisoned for sending SBU pictures of Russian equipment: Couple tells how they waited for town liberation in captivity
Articles - 07 November 2022

Dmytro and Olena from Kupyansk imprisoned for sending SBU pictures of Russian equipment: Couple tells how they waited for town liberation in captivity

During the occupation of Kupyansk, 30-year-old local resident Dmytro Hrechanyi was taking photos and recording videos of the movement of Russian military equipment and sending them along with geolocation marks to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU). In early August, Dmytro and his girlfriend Olena [name is changed] were summoned to the police station for questioning: they were asked whether they cooperated with the Ukrainian special services. During the interrogation, the occupiers made a backup copy of the man's phone and found previously deleted pictures of military equipment. Both of them were imprisoned and held separately.

OHCHR documented widespread practices of torture and ill-treatment of Ukrainian civilian detainees by Russian armed forces
News - 25 October 2022

OHCHR documented widespread practices of torture and ill-treatment of Ukrainian civilian detainees by Russian armed forces

Of 38 released civilians (34 men, 4 women) interviewed by OHCHR in the mentioned period, 33 individuals reported having various forms of torture or ill-treatment inflicted on them while in detention, in order to force them to confess to having cooperated with the Ukrainian armed forces, to force them to cooperate with Russian armed forces or affiliated armed groups, or simply to intimidate them

It’s not a problem for Russians to place Grad MLRS behind column of civilians and fire at Ukrainian positions: Story of veteran who escaped from occupied Kherson region
Articles - 30 September 2022

It’s not a problem for Russians to place Grad MLRS behind column of civilians and fire at Ukrainian positions: Story of veteran who escaped from occupied Kherson region

When Russia’s full-scale offensive began, Ruslan Zaredinov, a Crimean Tatar and ATO veteran, lived with his family in the urban-type village of Novooleksiyivka, Henichesk district, Kherson region, 25km from Chonhar. They were unable to evacuate due to the almost lightning-fast occupation of Kherson region. For five months, the 35-year-old man and his family lived in fear that the Russians would come for Ruslan as it happened to his friends and familiar veterans.

‘I recognized his cross and teeth, waited for DNA analysis results for another month’: Iryna from Chernihiv spent several weeks searching for her husband, killed in Russian strike on evacuation bus
Articles - 02 September 2022

‘I recognized his cross and teeth, waited for DNA analysis results for another month’: Iryna from Chernihiv spent several weeks searching for her husband, killed in Russian strike on evacuation bus

The man could not be found for a long time. His relatives believed in a miracle, but the DNA analysis of the body found later confirmed that Yevhen had been killed between the villages of Kolychivka and Lukashivka. The Russian military struck the bus he was traveling in with an anti-tank guided missile. Iryna, the wife of the murdered man, told ZMINA about the weeks spent hoping that her husband had survived, searching for him, and the circumstances of the Russian war crime.

‘Spring was very cold. Or so it seems to us’: Story of man from Mariupol who survived under rubble of bombed-out building but lost his daughter
Articles - 30 August 2022

‘Spring was very cold. Or so it seems to us’: Story of man from Mariupol who survived under rubble of bombed-out building but lost his daughter

Yevhen Kostomanov, 59, lived and worked in Mariupol all his life. In March, the man lost his daughter – she was killed as a Russian aerial bomb hit their house – but he managed to survive. Yevhen told ZMINA about the month spent in Mariupol and how he, his wife, and seven-year-old grandson fled the city literally on foot.